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J Biol Chem. 2007 Nov 23;282(47):34235-49. Epub 2007 Sep 13.

Dynamic regulation, desensitization, and cross-talk in discrete subcellular microdomains during beta2-adrenoceptor and prostanoid receptor cAMP signaling.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

Dynamic and localized actions of cAMP are central to the generation of discrete cellular events in response to a range of G(s)-coupled receptor agonists. In the present study we have employed a cyclic nucleotide-gated channel sensor to report acute changes in cAMP in the restricted cellular microdomains adjacent to two different G(s)-coupled receptor pathways, beta(2)-adrenoceptors and prostanoid receptors that are expressed endogenously in HEK293 cells. We probed by either selective small interference RNA-mediated knockdown or dominant negative overexpression the contribution of key signaling components in the rapid attenuation of the local cAMP signaling and subsequent desensitization of each of these G-protein-coupled receptor signaling pathways immediately following receptor activation. Direct measurements of cAMP changes just beneath the plasma membrane of single HEK293 cells reveal novel insights into key regulatory roles provided by protein kinase A-RII, beta-arrestin2, cAMP phosphodiesterase-4D3, and cAMP phosphodiesterase-4D5. We provide new evidence for distinct modes of cAMP down-regulation in these two G(s)-linked pathways and show that these distinct G-protein-coupled receptor signaling systems are subject to unidirectional, heterologous desensitization that allows for limited cross-talk between distinct, dynamically regulated pools of cAMP.

PMID:
17855344
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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