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Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2008 Jul;110(1):99-109. Epub 2007 Sep 13.

The prevalence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in high-risk breast cancer patients of Chinese Han nationality: two recurrent mutations were identified.

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  • 1Department of Oncology, Breast Cancer Institute, Cancer Hospital/Cancer Institute, Institutes of Biomedical Science, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, 270 Dong'an Road, Shanghai 200032, PR China.

Abstract

To have an overview of the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes among Chinese high-risk breast cancer patients, we analyzed 489 such high-risk breast cancer patients from four breast disease clinical centers in China, by using PCR-DHPLC or SSCP-DNA sequencing analysis. Allelotype analysis was done at five short tandem repeat (STR) markers in or adjacent to BRCA1 on the recurrent mutation carriers. For those analyzed both genes, 8.7% of early-onset breast cancer cases and 12.9% of familial breast cancer cases had a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, as compared with the 26.1% of cases with both early-onset breast cancer and affected relatives. For those reporting malignancy family history other than breast/ovarian cancer, the prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutation is about 20.5%, and it was significantly higher than the patients only with family history of breast/ovarian cancer (P = 0.02). The family history of ovarian cancer (26.7% vs. 11.9%) and stomach cancer (23.8% vs. 11.8%) doubled the incidence of BRCA1/2, but the difference did not reach the statistical significance. Two recurrent mutations in BRCA1, 1100delAT and 5589del8, were identified. The recurrent mutations account for 34.8% BRCA1 mutations in our series. Similar allelotypes were detected in most STR status for those harboring the same mutations. The BRCA1 associated tumors were more likely to exhibit a high tumor grade, negative C-erbB-2/neu status and triple negative (ER, PgR and C-erbB-2/neu negative) status (P < 0.05). We recommended the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic analysis could be done for high-risk breast cancer patient in Chinese population, especially for those with both early-onset breast cancer and affected relatives. There may be some degree of shared ancestry for the two recurrent BRCA1 mutations in Chinese.

PMID:
17851763
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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