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J Neurovirol. 2007 Aug;13(4):291-304.

Impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) subtypes on HIV-associated neurological disease.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Abstract

Among the many variables affecting transmission and pathogenesis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1(HIV-1), the effects of HIV subtypes, or clades, on disease progression remain unclear. Although debated, some studies have found that the variable env and pol sequences of different subtypes of HIV-1 may endow some subtypes with greater degrees of cell tropism, virulence, and drug resistance, which may lead to differences in overall disease progression. HIV-associated dementia (HAD) appears to be associated with viral diversity and markers of immune activation. Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV, largest viral diversity, and is where clade recombination occurs most frequently. All of these factors would suggest that HAD would pose the largest threat in this region of the world. Although investigations into the effects of different subtypes on overall disease progression are well documented, few have looked into the effects of subtypes on neurological disease progression. This review highlights the need for more international research involving the neurological effects and especially the clinical presentation of dementia for the entire range of the group M HIV-1 subtypes.

PMID:
17849313
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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