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Psychopathology. 2007;40(6):461-4. Epub 2007 Sep 11.

Meditation-induced psychosis.

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  • 1Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Meditation is a self-regulatory psychological strategy that is frequently applied in Western as well as non-Western countries for different purposes; little is known about adverse events.

SAMPLING AND METHODS:

A male patient is described who developed an acute and transient psychosis with polymorphic symptomatology after meditating. A literature search for psychotic states related to meditation was carried out on PubMed, Embase and PsycInfo.

RESULTS:

In the case presented a diagnosis of acute polymorphic psychotic disorder was made. Other case reports dealt with either a relapse of a pre-existent psychotic disorder or with a brief psychotic reaction in patients without a psychiatric history.

CONCLUSION:

Meditation can act as a stressor in vulnerable patients who may develop a transient psychosis with polymorphic symptomatology. The syndrome is not culture bound but sometimes classified in culture-bound taxonomies like Qi-gong Psychotic Reaction.

2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

PMID:
17848828
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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