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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1991 Nov;84(2):291-9.

Involvement of gonadotropin in the uptake of vitellogenin into vitellogenic oocytes of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.

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  • 1Department of Biology and Biochemistry, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, United Kingdom.


The effects of two fully characterized, structurally distinct gonadotropins, GtH I and GtH II, on the uptake of vitellogenin (VTG) into oocytes of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. GtH I, injected into maturing vitellogenic females at a dose of 10 body wt-1, increased the rate of [3H]VTG uptake into oocytes by more than two-fold, effectively doubling their rate of growth. Ovaries from females similarly treated with GtH II sequestered VTG at rates similar to controls. In vitro, GtH I stimulated VTG uptake in a dose-dependent manner. At a GtH I concentration of 100 and above, the rate of VTG uptake was significantly greater than that of the controls and at 1000 the rate of uptake was more than doubled. GtH II did not significantly increase VTG sequestration into isolated oocytes at concentrations up to, and including, 1000 These data provide the first evidence that GtH I has a primary function in stimulating VTG uptake and strongly support the contention that at least two functionally distinct GtHs occur in fish.

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