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Mol Biotechnol. 2007 May;36(1):71-80.

Adenoviral vectors for gene therapy.

Author information

  • Division of Human Gene Therapy, Department of Medicine, and the Gene Therapy Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 901 19th Street South, BMR2 412, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. Joanne.Douglas@ccc.uab.edu

Abstract

Vectors based on human adenovirus serotypes 2 (Ad2) and 5 (Ad5) of species C possess a number of features that have favored their widespread employment for gene delivery both in vitro and in vivo. However, the use of recombinant Ad2- and Ad5-based vectors for gene therapy also suffers from a number of disadvantages. These vectors possess the tropism of the parental viruses, which infect all cells that possess the appropriate surface receptors, precluding the targeting of specific cell types. Conversely, some cell types that represent important targets for gene transfer express only low levels of the cellular receptors, which lead to inefficient infection. Another major disadvantage of Ad2- and Ad5-based vectors in vivo is the elicitation of both an innate and an acquired immune response. Considerable attention has therefore been focused on strategies to overcome these limitations, thereby permitting the full potential of adenoviral vectors to be realized.

PMID:
17827541
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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