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Mol Interv. 2007 Aug;7(4):195-9, 180.

Microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase: a safer target than cyclooxygenases?

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  • 1Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, the Netherlands.


Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are inhibitors of the cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-1 and -2 activities of prostaglandin G/H synthase-1 and -2, respectively. They have been extensively used in the treatment of prostaglandin E(2)-mediated chronic inflammatory diseases. Selective COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs), which were developed to provide an alternative with reduced gastrointestinal risk for the traditional NSAIDs, have been associated with an increased incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events. Could the targeting of microsomal prostaglandin E(2) synthase (mPGES-1) lead to novel anti-inflammatory drugs with possibly reduced risks of gastrointestinal and cardiovascular side effects?

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