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Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2008 Jan 13;366(1862):63-82.

Electronic phase separation and other novel phenomena and properties exhibited by mixed-valent rare-earth manganites and related materials.

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  • 1Centre for Condensed Matter Theory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.

Abstract

Transition metal oxides, such as the mixed-valent rare-earth manganites Ln(1-x)AxMnO3 (Ln, rare-earth ion, and A, alkaline-earth ion), show a variety of electronic orders with spatially correlated charge, spin and orbital arrangements, which in turn give rise to many fascinating phenomena and properties. These materials are also electronically inhomogeneous, i.e. they contain disjoint spatial regions with different electronic orders. Not only do we observe signatures of such electronic phase separation in a variety of properties, but we can also observe the different 'phases' visually through different types of imaging. We discuss various experiments pertaining to electronic orders and electronic inhomogeneities in the manganites and present a discussion of theoretical approaches to their understanding. It is noteworthy that the mixed-valent rare-earth cobaltates of the type Ln(1-x)AxCoO3 also exhibit electronic inhomogeneities just as the manganites.

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