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Science. 1959 Jul 24;130(3369):203-7.

Poleward Migration of Early Angiosperm Flora: Angiosperms only displaced the relict Jurassic-type flora at high latitudes in Late Cretaceous time.


1) During the opening phase of the Early Cretaceous (Neocomian), angiosperms commenced to invade lowland basins of deposition at generally lower latitudes. They reached high northern and middle southern latitudes at the close of the epoch (Albian) and only replaced the relict Jurassic-type vegetation at high latitudes during the early part of Late Cretaceous time. 2) This poleward migration of angiosperms is consistent with the theory that the phylum had its center of origin and dispersal at tropical latitudes, which ranged between 45 degrees N and 45 degrees S in pre-Cretaceous time. 3) Recognition of the time-space factor involved in the Early Cretaceous poleward migration of angiosperms removes most of the conflicts in the testimony on age supplied by fossil plants and by marine invertebrates-conflicts which have persisted for nearly a century (17).

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