Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Perinatol. 2007 Dec;27(12):766-71. Epub 2007 Sep 6.

The effect of inhaled nitric oxide on pulmonary function in preterm infants.

Author information

  • 1Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA.



Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants is associated with impaired alveolar growth, inflammation and airway hyperreactivity. In animal models of BPD, inhaled nitric oxide (NO) improves alveolar growth and inhibits airway smooth muscle proliferation. This study was designed to assess the effect of inhaled NO on resistance and compliance in ventilated preterm infants with evolving BPD.


Expiratory resistance and compliance of the respiratory system were measured in 71 ventilated preterm infants, < or = 32 weeks gestation, randomized to NO (n=34) versus placebo (n=37) for > or = 24 days at 7 to 21 days of life.


At baseline expiratory resistance (231+/-71 versus 215+/-76 cm H(2)O l(-1) s(-1)) and compliance (0.49+/-0.14 versus 0.53+/-0.13 ml cm H(2)O(-1) kg(-1)) were comparable between placebo and NO groups, respectively. There was no effect of NO on expiratory resistance or compliance at 1 h, 1 week or 2 weeks of study gas administration.


NO had no short- or medium-term effect on expiratory resistance or compliance in ventilated preterm infants.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk