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J Biol Chem. 2007 Nov 2;282(44):31873-81. Epub 2007 Sep 5.

A novel tyrosine phosphorylation site in protein kinase D contributes to oxidative stress-mediated activation.

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  • 1Department of Cancer Biology, Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA.


Protein kinase D1 (PKD1) is a mediator of oxidative stress signaling where it regulates cellular detoxification and survival. Critical for the regulation of PKD1 activity in response to oxidative stress are Src- and Abl-mediated tyrosine phosphorylations that eventually lead to protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta)-mediated activation of PKD1. Here we identify Tyr95 in PKD1 as a previously undescribed phosphorylation site that is regulated by oxidative stress. Our data suggest that PKD1 phosphorylation at Tyr95 generates a binding motif for PKCdelta, and that oxidative stress-mediated PKCdelta/PKD interaction results in PKD1 activation loop phosphorylation and activation. We further analyzed all PKD isoforms for this mechanism and show that PKD enzymes PKD1 and PKD2 are targets for PKCdelta in response to oxidative stress, and that PKD3 is not a target because it lacks the relevant tyrosine residue that generates a PKCdelta interaction motif.

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