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Gastrointest Endosc. 2007 Nov;66(5):1001-7. Epub 2007 Sep 4.

High-resolution miniprobe-based confocal microscopy in combination with video mosaicing (with video).

Author information

  • 1II Department of Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A new portable confocal laser microscopy system has recently been developed.

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of performing real-time microscopic imaging with a prototype of a new high-resolution miniprobe in conjunction with a video mosaicing algorithm.

DESIGN:

Feasibility study.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral center at a large university hospital.

PATIENTS:

Seven patients referred for endoscopy for various indications.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:

High-resolution laser microscopy of the upper and lower GI tract was performed with standard endoscopes. Seven to 10 mL of 1% fluorescein was injected intravenously a few seconds before the procedure. No additional preparation was required. The prototype used has a lateral resolution of 1.2 microm and an axial resolution of 3 mum with a total field of 240 x 200 microm. From all stored video sequences a video mosaicing algorithm was used to combine the successive individual images, cancel motion artifacts, and reconstitute panoramas of the tissues.

RESULTS:

Cell-to-cell borders, single cell structures, and mucosal inflammation was readily detectable. By the use of the mosaicing algorithm, the image area could be increased 2- to 4-fold, and image definition could be further enhanced to allow finer detail visualization.

LIMITATIONS:

Low number of patients, early feasibility study.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our preliminary data show that high-resolution miniprobe-based confocal fluorescence microscopy in conjunction with video mosaicing has the potential to provide images similar to standard histopathologic studies. Dynamic images with a smaller field of view can be combined to reconstruct still images of high resolution covering a fairly large area.

PMID:
17767932
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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