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Am J Hypertens. 2007 Sep;20(9):957-64.

Increased circulating CD31+/CD42- microparticles are associated with impaired systemic artery elasticity in healthy subjects.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Impaired artery elasticity has been found in various pathological conditions related to endothelial dysfunction. Recently, CD31+/CD42- microparticles (MPs) emerged as a marker of endothelial injury. Whether CD31+/CD42- MPs, generated under physiological conditions, are correlated with artery properties has not been reported.

METHODS:

We evaluated brachia-ankle pulse-wave velocity (baPWV) (n = 76) and C1 large-artery and C2 small-artery elasticity indices (n = 56), using noninvasive devices for pulse-wave analysis in a group of healthy persons. The number of circulating CD31+/CD427- MPs (n = 76) was measured by flow cytometric analysis.

RESULTS:

Circulating CD31+/CD42- MPs were positively correlated with values of baPWV (r = 0.371, P = .008) and with C1 large-artery and C2 small-artery elasticity indices (r = -0.294, P = .037; and r = -0.310, P = .027, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified CD31+/CD42- MPs as potent contributors to the development of impaired systemic artery elasticity.

CONCLUSIONS:

The level of circulating CD31+/CD42- MPs, an important biomarker of dysfunctional endothelium and vascular injury, is closely associated with impaired systemic artery elasticity in healthy subjects. The present study suggests that CD31+/CD42- MPs may be a novel surrogate marker for the clinical evaluation of vascular damage.

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PMID:
17765136
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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