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Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol. 2007 Aug;211(4):139-41.

[Eye disease and mode of delivery].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Frauenklinik, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen.


Many ophthalmologists and obstetricians recommend either an assisted vaginal delivery with forceps or vacuum extraction or a Caesarean section in cases of pre-existing eye diseases such as severe myopia, retinal detachment, diabetic retinopathy, or glaucoma. These recommendations, however, are not evidence-based. None of the published trials have reported any retinal changes after vaginal delivery. In general, eye disease is not an indication for an instrumental or operative delivery provided that regular eye examinations (once each trimester) have been performed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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