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J Phys Chem A. 2007 Dec 13;111(49):12289-94. Epub 2007 Aug 30.

Microsolvation of cationic dimers in 4He droplets: geometries of A+2(He)N (A=Li, Na, K) from optimized energies.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, The University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.


Ab initio computed interaction forces are employed to describe the microsolvation of the A+2(2Sigma) (A=Li, Na, K) molecular ion in 4He clusters of small variable size. The minimum energy structures are obtained by performing energy minimization based on a genetic algorithm approach. The symmetry features of the collocation of solvent adatoms around the dimeric cation are analyzed in detail, showing that the selective growth of small clusters around the two sides of the ion during the solvation process is a feature common to all three dopants.

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