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Top HIV Med. 2007 Aug-Sep;15(4):130-3.

Human papillomavirus infection in HIV-infected persons.

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  • 1University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.


Rates of cervical and anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and abnormal cytology are high in HIV-infected women, as are rates of anal HPV infection and abnormal cytology in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM). Available evidence indicates that the incidence of anal cancer in HIV-infected MSM has increased in association with prolonged life expectancy achieved with antiretroviral therapy. Routine screening for cervical neoplasia is recommended for HIV-infected women. Routine screening is not yet universally recommended for anal neoplasia, although it should be considered for at-risk patients, particularly given recent improvements in local treatments. A preventive vaccine against cervical HPV infection is approved for use in young women before onset of sexual activity and acquisition of HPV infection. Its potential benefit in preventing anal infection in women and men has yet to be determined, and its potential utility in those with HIV infection remains unknown. This article summarizes a presentation on HPV infection in HIV-infected patients made by Joel Palefsky, MD, at an International AIDS Society-USA Continuing Medical Education course in Chicago in May 2007. The original presentation is available as a Webcast at

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