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Mycol Res. 2007 Aug;111(Pt 8):967-75. Epub 2007 Jun 29.

Determination of the trichothecene mycotoxin chemotypes and associated geographical distribution and phylogenetic species of the Fusarium graminearum clade from China.

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  • 1Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory of Triticeae Crops, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, PR China.

Abstract

A large number of isolates from the Fusarium graminearum clade representing all regions in China with a known history of Fusarium head blight (FHB) epidemics in wheat were assayed using PCR to ascertain their trichothecene mycotoxin chemotypes and associated phylogenetic species and geographical distribution. Of the 299 isolates assayed, 231 are from F. asiaticum species lineage 6, which produce deoxynivalenol and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-AcDON); deoxynivalenol and 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-AcDON); and nivalenol and 4-acetylnivalenol (NIV) mycotoxins, with 3-AcDON being the predominant chemotype. Ninety-five percent of this species originated from the warmer regions where the annual average temperatures were above 15 degrees C, based on the climate data of 30 y during 1970-1999. However, 68 isolates within F. graminearum species lineage 7 consisted only of 15-AcDON producers, 59% of which were from the cooler regions where the annual average temperatures were 15 degrees C or lower. Identification of a new subpopulation of 15-AcDON producers revealed a molecular distinction between F. graminearum and F. asiaticum that produce 15-AcDON. An 11-bp repeat is present in F. graminearum within their Tri7 gene sequences but is absent in F. asiaticum, which could be directly used for differentiating the two phylogenetic species of the F. graminearum clade.

PMID:
17716884
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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