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Rev Bras Psiquiatr. 2008 May;30 Suppl 1:S11-5. Epub 2007 Aug 3.

[Kleptomania: clinical characteristics and treatment].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

  • 1Departmento de Psiquiatria, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55454, USA. grant045@umn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Kleptomania, a disabling impulse control disorder, is characterized by the repetitive and uncontrollable theft of items that are of little use to the afflicted person. Despite its relatively long history, kleptomania remains poorly understood to the general public, clinicians, and sufferers.

METHOD:

This article reviews the literature for what is known about the clinical characteristics, family history, neurobiology, and treatment options for individuals with kleptomania.

RESULTS:

Kleptomania generally has its onset in late adolescence or early adulthood and appears to be more common among women. Lifetime psychiatric comorbidity is frequent, mainly with other impulse control (20-46%), substance use (23-50%) and mood disorders (45-100%). Individuals with kleptomania suffer significant impairment in their ability to function socially and occupationally. Kleptomania may respond to cognitive behavioral therapy and various pharmacotherapies (lithium, anti-epileptics, and opioid antagonists).

CONCLUSIONS:

Kleptomania is a disabling disorder that results in intense shame, as well as legal, social, family, and occupational problems. Large scale treatment studies are needed.

PMID:
17713696
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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