Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
In Vivo. 2007 Jul-Aug;21(4):679-84.

Description of patients with midgut carcinoid tumours: clinical database from a Danish centre.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine V (Hepatology and Gastroenterology), Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We have initiated a clinical database of patients with neuroendocrine tumours (n = 132). Data on patients with well-differentiated endocrine carcinoma (WHO classification) previous classified as midgut carcinoid patients, are presented.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Retrospectively, 56 patients with midgut carcinoid tumours were evaluated with respect to symptoms, primary tumour size, metastases, tumour markers, treatment and survival.

RESULTS:

Flushing was described in 29%, diarrhoea in 52%, abdominal pain in 34%, bronchial constriction in 2% and carcinoid heart disease in 4% of the patients. Fifty-two percent had liver metastases at referral. Twenty-seven percent were considered to have had radical surgery. Patients not considered for radical surgery and patients with liver metastases had significantly higher tumour marker levels (serum chromogranin A (CgA), serum serotonin and urinary 5-hydroxyindolic acid (5-HIAA)) compared to radically-operated patients and to patients without liver metastases (p<0.05, respectively). For all the midgut carcinoid tumour patients the overall 5-year survival rate was 72%. The radically-operated patients had a 5-year survival rate of 100% (other death causes excluded). The patients with normal CgA or <5 liver metastases at referral had a 100% 5-year survival rate. The patients with <5 liver metastases had a significantly better 5-year survival rate compared to patients with multiple liver metastases (100% vs. 50%, p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

This group of patients exhibited the same characteristic clinical features with similar survival as reported from other specialised centres. Radical surgery, normal CgA level and <5 liver metastases indicated a good prognosis and patients with <5 liver metastases had a significantly better survival compared to patients with multiple liver metastases.

PMID:
17708366
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk