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Apoptosis. 2007 Oct;12(10):1901-9.

Involvement of both tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced necrosis and p53-mediated caspase-dependent apoptosis in nephrotoxicity of cisplatin.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacy, Kyushu University Hospital, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan. tyano@pharm.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp


We previously reported that necrosis occurs predominantly in porcine renal tubular LLC-PK1 cells, when the cells were exposed transiently to a high concentration of cisplatin. Moreover, we demonstrated that generation of reactive oxygen species and subsequent production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) through phosphorylation of p38 MAPK are implicated in the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced renal cell injury. However, some TUNEL-positive cells appeared in renal proximal tubules of rats after systemic injection of cisplatin, suggesting an involvement of apoptosis. In the present study, we found in LLC-PK1 cells that both apoptosis and necrosis were elicited when the cells were exposed to 200 microM cisplatin for 1 h followed by incubation for 24 h in the presence of 20 microM cisplatin. The cisplatin-induced necrosis was largely attenuated by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine, while apoptosis was prevented by the specific inhibitors for caspases-2, -8, and -3 and a p53 inhibitor pifithrin-alpha but not by the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580. On the other hand, SB203580 attenuated the cisplatin-induced increase in TNF-alpha production. These findings suggest that p53-mediated activations of caspases-2, -8 and -3 play a key role in cisplatin-induced renal cell apoptosis, while oxidative stress-induced TNF-alpha synthesis via p38 MAPK phosphorylation contributed to the necrosis.

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