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J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2008 Feb;19(2):777-88. Epub 2007 Aug 16.

Latex of immunodiagnosis for detecting the Chagas disease. I. Synthesis of the base carboxylated latex.

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  • 1INTEC (Universidad Nacional del Litoral and CONICET), G├╝emes 3450, Santa Fe, Argentina.


This article investigates the synthesis of two (monodisperse, carboxylated, and core-shell) latexes, through a batch and a semibatch emulsion copolymerizations of styrene (St) and methacrylic acid (MAA) onto polystyrene latex seeds. A mathematical model of the process was developed that predicts conversion, average particle size, and surface density of carboxyl groups. The model was adjusted to the batch reaction measurements, and then it was used in the design of the semibatch experiment. The semibatch reaction involved an initial homopolymerization of St followed by instantaneous addition of MAA-St-initiator. Compared with the batch reaction results, the semibatch policy more than doubled the surface density of carboxyl groups. The second part of this series describes the development of an immunodiagnosis latex-protein complex for detecting the Chagas disease, by coupling an antigen of Trypanosoma cruzi onto the produced carboxylated latexes.

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