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Biochemistry. 2007 Sep 4;46(35):10145-52. Epub 2007 Aug 14.

The conformation of H,K-ATPase determines the nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) selectivity for active proton transport.

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  • 1Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


The gastric H,K-ATPase is related to other cation transport ATPases, for example, Na,K-ATPase and Ca-ATPase, which are called E1-E2 ATPases in recognition of conformational transitions during their respective transport and catalytic cycles. Generally, these ATPases cannot utilize NTPs other than ATP for net ion transport activity. For example, under standard assay conditions, rates of NTP hydrolysis and H+ pumping by the H,K-ATPase for CTP are about 10% of those for ATP and undetectable with GTP, ITP, and UTP. However, we observed that H,K-ATPase will catalyze NTP/ADP phosphate exchange at similar rates for all of these NTPs, suggesting that a common phosphoenzyme intermediate is formed. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the specificity of nucleotides to power the H,K-ATPase and several of its partial reactions, including NTP/ADP exchange, K+-catalyzed phosphatase activity, and proton pumping. Results demonstrate that under conditions that promote the conformational change of the K+ bound form of the enzyme, K.E2, to E1, all NTPs tested support K+-stimulated NTPase activity and H+ pumping up to 30-50% of that with ATP. These conditions include (1) the presence of ADP as well as the NTP energy source and (2) reduced K+ concentration on the cytoplasmic side to approximately 0. These data conform to structural models for E1-E2 ATPases whereby adenosine binding promotes the K.E2 to E1 conformational change and K+ deocclusion.

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