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Pharmacopsychiatry. 2007 Jul;40(4):163-8.

Dose-response relationship of pregabalin in patients with generalized anxiety disorder. A pooled analysis of four placebo-controlled trials.

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  • 1Psychiatric Research Unit, Frederiksborg General Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark.



Pregabalin has been evaluated in randomised clinical trials in patients with generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) in a fixed-dose design and with the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) as outcome measure. Four of the available six placebo-controlled trials were found acceptable for a pooled analysis of dose-response relationship.


Both the full HAM-A (14) and the six-item subscale covering the core items of GAD (HAM-A (6)) were analysed. The unbiased effect size statistic was used to evaluate the advantage of pregabalin over placebo. An effect size of 0.40 or higher was used to indicate a clinically significant effect.


Four placebo-controlled trials running over four weeks and covering the dose range from 150 mg to 600 mg pregabalin were sufficiently homogeneous to be pooled for the analysis. Both HAM-A (6) and HAM-A (14) showed that for the dose of 150 mg pregabalin daily the effect size was clearly below 0.40. For the dose range of 200-450 mg daily, the effect sizes exceeded 0.40, with a plateau-like curve. The maximum dose of 600 mg daily did not increase effect size. On the HAM-A (14) as well as the item of sleep, effect size was generally higher, but followed the same pattern as the HAM-A (6).


The dose of 150 mg pregabalin over the four weeks of the trials was found insufficient for the treatment of GAD. In the dose range of 200-450 mg daily, a clinically significant effect was obtained, although with a plateau-like curve which was not increased for the maximum dose of 600 mg daily.

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