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J Biol Chem. 2007 Sep 28;282(39):28501-13. Epub 2007 Aug 8.

Tripeptides of RS1 (RSC1A1) inhibit a monosaccharide-dependent exocytotic pathway of Na+-D-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 with high affinity.

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  • 1Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University Würzburg, 97070 Würzburg, Germany.


The human gene RSC1A1 codes for a 67-kDa protein named RS1 that mediates transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of Na(+)-D-glucose cotransporter SGLT1. The post-transcriptional regulation occurs at the trans-Golgi network (TGN). We identified two tripeptides in human RS1 (Gln-Cys-Pro (QCP) and Gln-Ser-Pro (QSP)) that induce posttranscriptional down-regulation of SGLT1 at the TGN leading to 40-50% reduction of SGLT1 in plasma membrane. For effective intracellular concentrations IC(50) values of 2.0 nM (QCP) and 0.16 nm (QSP) were estimated. Down-regulation of SGLT1 by tripeptides was attenuated by intracellular monosaccharides including non-metabolized methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside and 2-deoxyglucose. In small intestine post-transcriptional regulation of SGLT1 may contribute to glucose-dependent regulation of liver metabolism and intestinal mobility. QCP and QSP are transported by the H(+)-peptide cotransporter PepT1 that is colocated with SGLT1 in small intestinal enterocytes. Using coexpression of SGLT1 and PepT1 in Xenopus oocytes or polarized Caco-2 cells that contain both transporters we demonstrated that the tripeptides were effective when applied to the extracellular compartment. After a 1-h perfusion of intact rat small intestine with QSP, glucose absorption was reduced by 30%. The data indicate that orally applied tripeptides can be used to down-regulate small intestinal glucose absorption, e.g. in diabetes mellitus.

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