Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mycologia. 2007 Mar-Apr;99(2):291-301.

Pythium cryptoirregulare, a new species within the P. irregulare complex.

Author information

  • 1Department of Plant Pathology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802-4506, USA.


Pythium identification is based on several characteristics with considerable variation, particularly in Pythium irregulare Buis. as currently recognized. Thirty-one isolates of Pythium irregulare Buis. from various hosts and geographic regions were compared by genetic analysis of multiloci DNA fingerprints, sequence analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial genes and morphological and growth rate studies. Previous research indicated two distinct groupings within the species, P. irregulare sensu stricto and a clade referred to here as Pythium sp. Parsimony analyses of 338 AFLP markers divided P. irregulare s.l. into two clades. Comparison of the allele frequencies of 236 polymorphic AFLP loci revealed significant differences between them. The two clades differed in the frequencies of 182 (77%) alleles. P. irregulare s.s. had 122 (52%) polymorphic loci while Pythium sp. had 205 (87%). Pythium sp. had one fixed allele and 79 polymorphic loci absent in P. irregulare s.s. P. irregulare s.s. displayed 16 polymorphic loci absent in Pythium sp. Parsimony and distance analyses of the ribosomal intergenic transcribed spacers (ITS) and the cox II gene sequences support the separation of P. irregulare s.s. and Pythium sp. Amplicon length in P. irregulare s.s. ITS sequences were 936-938 bp and 936-949 bp in Pythium sp. The two clades were separated by two fixed insertion/deletion mutations, nine fixed nucleotide substitutions in the ITS region and three fixed single nucleotide substitutions in the cox II sequences. Average growth rates of the groups differed at 10, 30 and 36 C but not at 15, 21 or 25 C. Statistically significant differences were found in oogonium, oospore and ooplast diameters, antheridial cell length and in ooplast index. We propose that a new species, Pythium cryptoirregulare, be delineated from Pythium irregulare sensu stricto.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Secondary Source ID

Publication Types

MeSH Terms


Secondary Source ID

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk