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Biometrics. 2008 Mar;64(1):217-26. Epub 2007 Aug 3.

Sample size calculations based on ranking and selection in microarray experiments.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacoepidemiology, School of Public Health, Kyoto University, Yoshidakonoe-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.


We develop formulae to calculate sample sizes for ranking and selection of differentially expressed genes among different clinical subtypes or prognostic classes of disease in genome-wide screening studies with microarrays. The formulae aim to control the probability that a selected subset of genes with fixed size contains enough truly top-ranking informative genes, which can be assessed on the basis of the distribution of ordered statistics from independent genes. We provide strategies for conservative designs to cope with issues of unknown number of informative genes and unknown correlation structure across genes. Application of the formulae to a clinical study for multiple myeloma is given.

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