Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell. 2007 Aug 3;27(3):498-508.

Metabolic stress signaling mediated by mixed-lineage kinases.

Author information

  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.


Saturated free fatty acid (FFA) is a major source of metabolic stress that activates the c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK). This FFA-stimulated JNK pathway is relevant to hallmarks of metabolic syndrome, including insulin resistance. Here we used gene ablation studies in mice to demonstrate a central role for mixed-lineage protein kinases (MLK) in this signaling pathway. Saturated FFA causes protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent activation of MLK3 that subsequently causes increased JNK activity by a mechanism that requires the MAP kinase kinases MKK4 and MKK7. Loss of PKC, MLK3, MKK4, or MKK7 expression prevents FFA-stimulated JNK activation. Together, these data establish a signaling pathway that mediates effects of metabolic stress on insulin resistance.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk