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Phys Rev Lett. 2007 May 11;98(19):196803. Epub 2007 May 8.

Electronic and transport properties of boron-doped graphene nanoribbons.

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  • 1Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

We report a spin polarized density functional theory study of the electronic and transport properties of graphene nanoribbons doped with boron atoms. We considered hydrogen terminated graphene (nano)ribbons with width up to 3.2 nm. The substitutional boron atoms at the nanoribbon edges (sites of lower energy) suppress the metallic bands near the Fermi level, giving rise to a semiconducting system. These substitutional boron atoms act as scattering centers for the electronic transport along the nanoribbons. We find that the electronic scattering process is spin-anisotropic; namely, the spin-down (up) transmittance channels are weakly (strongly) reduced by the presence of boron atoms. Such anisotropic character can be controlled by the width of the nanoribbon; thus, the spin-up and spin-down transmittance can be tuned along the boron-doped nanoribbons.

PMID:
17677646
[PubMed]
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