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Diabetes Care. 2007 Nov;30(11):2832-7. Epub 2007 Jul 31.

Effectiveness of a self-management intervention in patients with screen-detected type 2 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands. b.j.thoolen@uu.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effectiveness of a theory-driven self-management course in reducing cardiovascular risk in patients with screen-detected type 2 diabetes, taking ongoing medical treatment into account.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A total of 196 screen-detected patients, receiving either intensive pharmacological or usual-care treatment since diagnosis (3-33 months previously), were subsequently randomized to a control or intervention condition (self-management course). A 2 x 2 factorial design evaluated the behavioral intervention (self-management course versus control) nested within the medical treatment (intensive versus usual-care), using multilevel regression modeling to analyze changes in patients' BMI, A1C, blood pressure (BP), and lipid profiles over 12 months, from the start of the 3-month course to 9-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

The self-management course significantly reduced BMI (-0.77 kg/m2) and systolic BP (-6.2 mmHg) up until the 9-month follow-up, regardless of medical treatment. However, intensive medical treatment was also independently associated with lower BP, A1C, total cholesterol, and LDL before the course and further improvements in systolic BP (-4.7 mmHg). Patients receiving both intensive medical treatment and the self-management course therefore had the best outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

This self-management course was effective in achieving sustained reductions in weight and BP, independent of medical treatment. A combination of behavioral and medical interventions is particularly effective in reducing cardiovascular risk in newly diagnosed patients.

PMID:
17666461
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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