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Nephron. 1991;59(4):552-60.

Serum IgA class anti-IgA antibody in IgA nephropathy.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, School of Nursing and Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara City, Japan.


IgA class anti-IgA antibody was sought by an immunoabsorbent technique in sera from patients with IgA nephropathy (IgA-N, n = 62), other forms of primary glomerulonephritis (PGN, n = 41), seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RF-positive, n = 18) and normal controls (c, n = 50). IgA-N (31%) and RF-positive (56%) patients showed a significant increase in IgA anti-IgA antibody levels. The subclass of IgA anti-IgA antibody was predominantly IgA1 in both IgA-N and RF-positive patients. Size analysis revealed the dimer/monomer ratio to be significantly increased in IgA-N patients compared with that of RF-positive patients (p = 0.03). These results indicate the possible existence of the dimeric form of IgA class anti-IgA antibody in the circulation of IgA-N patients.

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