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Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Jun-Jul;30(6):351-9.

[Diagnostic and therapeutic approach to patients with gastroparesis].

[Article in Spanish]

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  • 1Servicio de Gastroenterología, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, España.


Gastroparesis is a chronic alteration of gastric motility characterized by symptoms suggestive of mechanical obstruction and delayed gastric emptying in the absence of obstruction. Gastroparesis can be idiopathic or attributable to neuropathy or myopathy as in diabetes mellitus and scleroderma or can occur after vagotomy. Diagnosis is based on symptoms (nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension and early satiety), physical examination (capotement) and on complementary investigations, the procedure of choice being isotope gastric emptying tests. Treatment depends on the clinical repercussions. In most patients, gastroparesis can be controlled by prokinetic drugs, dietary measures, exclusion of drugs that alter gastric emptying, and exhaustive control of blood glucose levels. In patients with severe gastroparesis, hospital nutritional measures (intravenous and/or enteral), gastric decompression and intravenous antiemetic and prokinetic agents are required. Aggressive nutritional therapies (parenteral or enteral nasojejunal nutrition), intrapyloric injection of botulinum toxin, implantation of a gastric stimulation device, or gastrectomy should only be used in patients unresponsive to conservative treatment or if there is selective alteration of gastric motility.

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