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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007 Oct;40(7):633-42. Epub 2007 Jul 30.

Intensive postgrafting immune suppression combined with nonmyeloablative conditioning for transplantation of HLA-identical hematopoietic cell grafts: results of a pilot study for treatment of primary immunodeficiency disorders.

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  • 1Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA.


This study was designed to determine the safety of a nonmyeloablative regimen in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PID) who had infections, organ dysfunction or other risk factors that precluded conventional hematopoietic cell (HC) transplant. Fourteen patients received HLA-matched related (n=6) or unrelated (n=8) HC grafts from marrow (n=8), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (n=5) or umbilical cord blood (n=1), either without conditioning (n=1), or after 200 cGy total body irradiation alone (n=3) or with 90 mg/m2 fludarabine (n=10). All patients were given postgrafting immunosuppression with mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine. Mixed (n=5) or full (n=8) donor chimerism was established in 13 patients, and one patient rejected the graft. Eight patients developed acute grade III (n=1) and/or extensive chronic GVHD (n=8). With a median follow-up of 4.9 (range, 0.7-8.1) years, the 3-year overall survival, event-free survival and transplant-related mortality were 62, 62 and 23%, respectively. Correction of immune dysfunction was documented in 8 of 10 patients with stable donor engraftment. These preliminary results indicated that this approach was associated with stable donor engraftment and a low incidence of early mortality and, thus, can be considered for certain high-risk patients with PID. However, there was a risk of GVHD, which is an undesirable outcome for this group of patients.

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