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Urology. 2007 Jul;70(1):137-42.

Do proliferating cell nuclear antigen and MIB-1/Ki-67 have prognostic value in penile squamous cell carcinoma?

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  • 1Department of Pelvic Surgery, Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa Hospital do Câncer A.C. Camargo, São Paulo, Brazil. guimaraesgc@uol.com.br



To evaluate the role of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and MIB-1/Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression in predicting lymph node metastasis and survival in primary penile squamous cell carcinoma.


We conducted a retrospective evaluation of 125 patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma submitted to primary tumor treatment, with information on lymph node status. Clinical and pathologic data for PCNA and MIB-1/Ki-67 expression in the primary tumor were analyzed. Correlations between these data and lymph node metastasis risk and survival were calculated.


In univariate analysis, low MIB-1/Ki-67 expression, the presence of lymphovascular permeation, clinically positive lymph nodes, tumor thickness greater than 5 mm, and infiltration of cavernous bodies were correlated with lymph node metastasis. However, the independent factors for lymph node metastasis risk were PCNA and MIB-1/Ki-67 immunoreactivity, lymphovascular permeation, and N clinical stage. Independent variables for disease-free survival were urethra infiltration and the presence of lymph node metastasis. For death risk evaluation the independent variables were age, lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage.


There was a correlation between PCNA and MIB1/Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression and the presence of lymph node metastasis. However, PCNA and MIB1/Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression did not have a relationship with survival and death risk.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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