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Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2008 Feb;28(2):293-305. Epub 2007 Jul 24.

Morroniside prevents peroxide-induced apoptosis by induction of endogenous glutathione in human neuroblastoma cells.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Xuan-Wu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Key Laboratory for Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education, Beijing, 100053, China.


(1) Morroniside belongs to an extensive group of natural iridorid glycosides. In the present study, using human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, we have investigated the protective effects of this compound on modifications in endogenous reduced glutathione (GSH), intracellular oxygen species (ROS) and apoptotic death on H(2)O(2)-mediated cytoxicity. (2) Incubation of cells with morroniside led to a significant dose-dependent elevation of cellular GSH accompanied by a marked protection against H(2)O(2)-mediated toxicity. Morroniside at 1-100 microM inhibited the formation of ROS and the activation of caspase-3 and 9, and the upregulation of Bcl-2, whereas no significant change occurred in Bax levels. (3) The results indicated that the anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic properties render this natural compound potentially protective against H(2)O(2)-induced cytotoxicity. (4) This study suggested that intracellular GSH appeared to be an important factor in morroniside-mediated cytoprotection against H(2)O(2)-toxicity in SH-SY5Y cells.

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