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Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Apr;46(4):280-3.

[A cross-sectional case study of human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis co-infection in mainland China].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Shanghai Public Health Center, Fudan University, Shanghai 201508, China. luhongzhou@fudan.edu.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In order to take an insight into the profile of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) co-infection, we made a statistic survey in 9 hospitals in mainland China. With the purpose of guiding the prevention and treatment, 241 cases with such co-infection were enrolled and the data with respect to clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, therapy and prognosis were analysed.

METHODS:

All indices were collected with unified questionary.

RESULTS:

Young men (75.9%) took constituted the majority. HIV was transmitted mainly by intravenous drug use (IDU) in Xinjiang and Yunnan provinces, by blood transfusion or blood products in Shanghai, Henan and Wenxi county of Shanxi, and by sexual transmission in Fuzhou, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Dehong prefecture of Yunnan province. In this survey, pulmonary TB accounted for 59.3%, extra-pulmonary TB for 21.2%, and both for 19.5% of the patients. As for laboratory tests, only 9.5% was positive in sputum for acid-fast bacillus (AFB) and 2.9% in culture, 10.8% of the patients had AFB in pleural fluid or cerebrospinal fluid. Besides, PPD was negative or weakly positive in most of the cases. Overall, 76.8% of the 241 cases had a CD(4) cell count < 200/microl, and 58.5% < 100/microl. 80.5% of the patients was treated with anti-tuberculous medications and 69.7% with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). 203 (84.2%) were still alive and 38 (15.8%) died.

CONCLUSIONS:

(1) The clinical manifestations of the 241 cases were varied because of prevailing pulmonary TB. (2) The immune function was depressed with reducing CD(4) counts in most of the patients. (3) Positivity rate of examination relevant to TB was too low to help the diagnosis. (4) The mortality (15.8%) was high even with HAART and/or chemotherapy.

PMID:
17637263
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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