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Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Aug;21(4):411-8.

Determination of ABCB1 polymorphisms and haplotypes frequencies in a French population.

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  • 1INSERM, U525, Equipe 4 and Nancy-Universit√©, Nancy, France.


The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCB1, or P-glycoprotein, is a transmembrane efflux pump well known for its implication in drug transport and chemoresistance. ABCB1 substrates include either drugs, such as antiretrovirals and immunomodulators, or physiological molecules like phospholipids. Pharmacogenetic analysis of ABCB1 polymorphisms, in addition to other xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes, might help to personalize and optimize drug therapy. Indeed, some polymorphisms of ABCB1 have been implicated in susceptibility to diseases, changes in drug pharmacokinetics, and in variation of the biological response to drug treatment. In addition, variant and haplotype distributions differ depending on ethnicity. Thus, some ethnies may be at higher risk for adverse events, inefficacy of treatment or prevalence of pathologies. This study aimed to determine frequencies of ABCB1 polymorphisms and haplotypes in a sample of French healthy individuals. DNA was isolated from blood-EDTA. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and TaqMan single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping assays were used to genotype 227 individuals for T-129C, G-1A, A61G, G1199A, C1236T, T-76A, G2677T/A and C3435T polymorphisms. The observed frequencies of the variant allele for these eight polymorphisms are 0.04, 0.08, 0.09, 0.06, 0.42, 0.46, 0.45 and 0.46 respectively. These polymorphisms are in linkage disequilibrium and haplotype frequencies were determined, the most frequent haplotype being the one with variants at position 1236, 2677 and 3435 and wild-type alleles at the other positions. Finally, the frequencies of these eight ABCB1 polymorphisms in our French individuals supposed to be healthy population are quite similar to those described in other Caucasian populations except for the C3435T polymorphism.

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