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J Urol. 2007 Sep;178(3 Pt 1):854-8; discussion 859. Epub 2007 Jul 16.

Prospective evaluation of short-term impact and recovery of health related quality of life in men undergoing robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy versus open radical prostatectomy.

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  • 1Division of Urologic Surgery, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In the last few years there have been increasing claims that robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy decreases short-term morbidity in patients undergoing surgical treatment for prostate cancer. However, there is surprisingly little objective evidence to support this point, which is often used to market the procedure to patients. To address this issue we prospectively evaluated patients undergoing open and robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy at baseline and weekly through the postoperative period using a validated questionnaire.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 162 men undergoing radical prostatectomy, including open radical prostatectomy in 120 and robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in 42, for clinically localized prostate cancer completed the SF-12, version 2 Physical and Mental Health Survey Acute Form preoperatively and each week postoperatively for 6 weeks. Physical and Mental Component Scores were calculated from the questionnaires at each time point. Comparisons between the 2 surgical approaches were made at each time point.

RESULTS:

No significant differences were seen between the open and robotic assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy groups with regard to patient age, clinical stage or preoperative prostate specific antigen. Mean surgical blood loss was significantly higher in the open group compared to that in the robotic assisted laparoscopic group. Physical Component Scores in the robotic assisted laparoscopic group were significantly higher than those in the open cohort beginning postoperative week 1 and extending through week 6. On statistical extrapolation Physical Component Scores returned to baseline between weeks 5 and 6 postoperatively in the robotic assisted laparoscopic group and between weeks 6 and 7 in the open group. Mental Component Score scores were not statistically different between the groups except preoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study helps prospectively define short-term health related quality of life in patients undergoing robotic assisted laparoscopic vs open radical prostatectomy. Higher physical scores were seen in the robotic assisted laparoscopic group than the open group beginning postoperative week 1 and continuing weekly throughout the 6-week study period. Physical Component Score scores returned to baseline sooner in the robotic assisted laparoscopic group than in the open group.

PMID:
17631338
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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