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Biochemistry. 2007 Aug 7;46(31):9058-67. Epub 2007 Jul 14.

Rv1106c from Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA.


New approaches are required to combat Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), especially the multi-drug resistant and extremely drug resistant organisms (MDR-TB and XDR-TB). There are many reports that mycobacteria oxidize 3beta-hydroxysterols to 3-ketosteroids, but the enzymes responsible for this activity have not been identified in mycobacterial species. In this work, the Rv1106c gene that is annotated as a 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in Mtb has been cloned and heterologously expressed. The purified enzyme was kinetically characterized and found to have a pH optimum between 8.5 and 9.5. The enzyme, which is a member of the short chain dehydrogenase superfamily, uses NAD+ as a cofactor and oxidizes cholesterol, pregnenolone, and dehydroepiandrosterone to their respective 3-keto-4-ene products. The enzyme forms a ternary complex with NAD+ binding before the sterol. The enzyme shows no substrate preference for dehydroepiandrosterone versus pregnenolone with second-order rate constants (kcat/Km) of 3.2 +/- 0.4 and 3.9 +/- 0.9 microM-1 min-1, respectively, at pH 8.5, 150 mM NaCl, 30 mM MgCl2, and saturating NAD+. Trilostane is a competitive inhibitor of dehydroepiandrosterone with a Ki of 197 +/- 8 microM. The expression of the 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in Mtb is intracellular. Disruption of the 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase gene in Mtb abrogates mycobacterial cholesterol oxidation activity. These data are consistent with the Rv1106c gene being the one responsible for 3beta-hydroxysterol oxidation in Mtb.

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