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Biochemistry. 2007 Aug 7;46(31):9116-22. Epub 2007 Jul 14.

Nucleotide binding to Na,K-ATPase: pK values of the groups affecting the high affinity site.

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  • 1Department of Biophysics, Institute of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Aarhus, Ole Worms AllĂ© 1185, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.


Investigation of the ionic strength effect on the interactions between nucleotides (ATP and ADP) and Na,K-ATPase in a broad pH range was aimed at revealing pK values of the charged groups of the interacting species. Ionic strength experiments suggested that an amino acid residue with a pK > 8.0 is part of the protein binding site. A combination of equilibrium and transient experiments at various pH values allowed for the characterization of the groups electrostatically involved in either the association process (kon) or the stability of the preformed complexes (koff). Two groups (pK1 = 6.7 and pK2 = 8.4) appear to be important for the proper organization of the binding site and, therefore, the association reaction. Moreover, deprotonation of the basic group completely precludes association. pH dependencies of the dissociation rate constants for ATP and ADP are very different. An increase in pH from 5 to 9.5 induces a 9-fold increase in koff for ATP, whereas koff for ADP decreases 4-fold between pH 5 and 8, and decreases further in the alkaline region. A comparison of the pH dependencies for koff for ATP and ADP suggests two effects: (1) at acidic pH, the value of the total negative charge of the nucleotide determines the tightness of binding; and (2) short-range interactions involving the terminal phosphate group are important for nucleotide dissociation from the site. The difference in the pH dependencies of koff for the nucleotides suggests the existence of positive charges in close proximity to Asp369, relieving the repulsion between the gamma-phosphate of ATP and Asp369.

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