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Arch Ophthalmol. 2007 Jul;125(7):932-5.

Novel compound heterozygous TULP1 mutations in a family with severe early-onset retinitis pigmentosa.

Author information

  • 1Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University, Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. a.denhollander@antrg.umcn.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the clinical characteristics and determine the genetic defect in a Surinamese family with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

METHODS:

Family members underwent blood sampling and ophthalmologic examinations. After exclusion of all known mutations in all genes involved in autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa, a genome-wide linkage scan was performed using 11,555 single-nucleotide polymorphisms spread throughout the genome. Mutation analysis of the TULP1 gene was performed by direct sequencing.

RESULTS:

All affected family members had a severe retinal dystrophy with a history of nystagmus, low visual acuity, and nyctalopia since infancy. The scotopic and photopic responses were nonrecordable on electroretinography. A genome-wide scan suggested linkage to the chromosomal region containing the TULP1 gene. Mutation analysis of TULP1 identified novel compound heterozygous mutations (p.Arg482Trp and p.Leu504fsX140) in all affected family members.

CONCLUSIONS:

The affected members of the Surinamese family have a severe early-onset form of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa, which is caused by compound heterozygous mutations in the TULP1 gene. Clinical Relevance Clinical and molecular genetic characterization of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa may help to provide a more accurate prognosis in individual patients. This study confirms that TULP1 mutations cause a severe early-onset form of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

PMID:
17620573
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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