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Int J Med Robot. 2007 Jun;3(2):140-8.

Minimization of needle deflection in robot-assisted percutaneous therapy.

Author information

  • 1Canadian Surgical Technologies and Advanced Robotics, London, Ontario, Canada. nabolhas@uwo.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Needle deflection and tissue deformation are two problems encountered during needle insertion into soft, non-homogeneous tissue. They affect the accuracy of needle placement, which in turn affects the effectiveness of needle-based therapies and biopsies.

METHODS:

In this study, a needle is inserted using a robot with two degrees of freedom. The needle is modelled as a flexible beam with clamped support at one end, and its deflection is estimated using online force/moment measurements at the needle base. To compensate for the needle deflection, the needle is axially rotated through 180 degrees . The needle deflection estimation data is used to find the insertion depths at which needle rotations are to be performed.

RESULTS:

A bevelled-tip needle was inserted into animal tissue. The needle deflection at the target was reduced by about 90%. It was observed that minimization of needle deflection reduced tissue deformation. The proposed method reduced needle deflection more than when needle insertion was performed with constant rotation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Estimating needle tip position using online force/moment measurement improves the accuracy of robot-assisted percutaneous procedures when imaging feedback is not available.

Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
17619247
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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