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J Surg Res. 2007 Dec;143(2):422-7. Epub 2007 Jul 5.

Loss of P16 expression and chromosome 9p21 LOH in predicting outcome of patients affected by superficial bladder cancer.

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  • 1Department of Urology, University of Florence, Italy, Florence, Italy.



To evaluate the prognostic role of p16 expression and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 9p21 in patients affected by low-grade (G1-G2) urothelial bladder cancer.


Fifty-six consecutive patients with diagnosis of urothelial bladder cancer were enrolled in this prospective study. LOH analysis was performed on a blood/tumor pair sample of each patient, by using polymerase chain reaction analysis. The D9S171 (9p21) locus on chromosome 9 was investigated. All tumors were stained immunohistochemically for p16. Data from p16 and LOH analyses were compared with follow-up data to evaluate the prognostic role of these molecular markers.


Loss of p16 expression was found in 33 patients (58.9%) and was significantly associated with the reduced recurrence-free probability (P < 0.0001). No correlations were reported with stage (P = 0.162) or grade (P = 0.051). Forty-three patients (76.7%) showed LOH on chromosome 9p21 (D9S171). A significant association was observed between loss of p16 expression and LOH on chromosome 9p21 (P = 0.005). The Kaplan-Meier curves showed a significant correlation between recurrence-free status and p16 expression (P = 0.0001). By multivariate analysis, p16 expression (P = 0.002) and number of lesions (P = 0.002) were identified as independent tumor recurrence factors.


Our study highlights the prognostic role of p16 in predicting the recurrence-free probability in patients affected by low-grade urothelial bladder and highlights the fact that this method could be used in everyday urologic clinical practice to better characterize the natural history of urothelial bladder carcinomas.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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