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Neurosurg Focus. 2007 Mar 15;22(3):E4.

Radiobiology of brain metastasis: applications in stereotactic radiosurgery.

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  • 1Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.


Stereotactic radiosurgery is a neurosurgical modality in which a target lesion can be irradiated while sparing normal brain tissue. In some respects, brain metastasis is well suited for radiosurgery, as metastatic lesions tend to be small and well circumscribed and displace (but do not infiltrate) normal brain tissue, facilitating the delivery of radiation. Advances in stereotactic radiosurgical planning, such as blocking patterns and beam shaping, have allowed further targeting of discrete lesions while minimizing the effect of radiation toxicity on the central nervous system. In this paper the authors review the radiobiology of brain metastases and stereotactic radiosurgical approaches that can be used to treat these tumors safely.

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