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Diabetes. 2007 Oct;56(10):2616-21. Epub 2007 Jul 2.

Association of the vitamin D metabolism gene CYP27B1 with type 1 diabetes.

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  • 1Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation/Wellcome Trust Diabetes and Inflammation Laboratory, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Epidemiological studies have linked vitamin D deficiency with the susceptibility to type 1 diabetes. Higher levels of the active metabolite 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D) could protect from immune destruction of the pancreatic beta-cells. 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D is derived from its precursor 25-hydroxyvitamin D by the enzyme 1 alpha-hydroxylase encoded by the CYP27B1 gene and is inactivated by 24-hydroxylase encoded by the CYP24A1 gene. Our aim was to study the association between the CYP27B1 and CYP24A1 gene polymorphisms and type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We studied 7,854 patients with type 1 diabetes, 8,758 control subjects from the U.K., and 2,774 affected families. We studied four CYP27B1 variants, including common polymorphisms -1260C>A (rs10877012) and +2838T>C (rs4646536) and 16 tag polymorphisms in the CYP24A1 gene.

RESULTS:

We found evidence of association with type 1 diabetes for CYP27B1 -1260 and +2838 polymorphisms, which are in perfect linkage disequilibrium. The common C allele of CYP27B1 -1260 was associated with an increased disease risk in the case-control analysis (odds ratio for the C/C genotype 1.22, P = 9.6 x 10(-4)) and in the fully independent collection of families (relative risk for the C/C genotype 1.33, P = 3.9 x 10(-3)). The combined P value for an association with type 1 diabetes was 3.8 x 10(-6). For the CYP24A1 gene, we found no evidence of association with type 1 diabetes (multilocus test, P = 0.23).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present data provide evidence that common inherited variation in the vitamin D metabolism affects susceptibility to type 1 diabetes.

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