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Haematologica. 2007 Jul;92(7):986-9.

Long-term hematological reconstitution and clinical evaluation of autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation after cryopreservation of cells with 5% and 10% dimethylsulfoxide at -80 degrees C in a mechanical freezer.

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  • 1Hematology Service and Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit, Immunology Service, University Hospital Son Dureta, Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain.


We report the long-term evaluation over 12 years of a simplified technique for stem-cell cryopreservation at -80 degrees C without rate-controlled freezing and with 5% (n=251) or 10% (n=47) DMSO as the sole cryoprotectant. Platelet recovery was greater in the 5% DMSO group while long-term hematological recovery did not differ. Factors influencing a faster hematological recovery were infusion of more than 2.7x10(6)/Kg of CD34+ cells, 10% DMSO cryopreservation and G-CSF. We confirm that the procedure is feasible with reduction in infusion-related toxicity from 60% using 5% DMSO. Differences in hematological reconstitution were not clinically significant if a minimum of 1.5x10(6)/Kg CD34+-cells were infused.

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