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Theriogenology. 2007 Sep 1;68(4):646-53. Epub 2007 Jun 28.

Expression of P450-aromatase in the goat placenta throughout pregnancy.

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  • 1Departamento de Fisiología, Biofísica y Neurociencias, CINVESTAV, México, DF, México.


The enzyme P450-aromatase (P450-Aro) is essential for the conversion of androgens to estrogens. The objective was to study the expression and distribution of P450-Aro in goat placentae throughout pregnancy. For this purpose, we used reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with primers derived from the ovarian cDNA sequence found by our group. The expression of P450-Aro mRNA was first detected by in vitro RT-PCR in cotyledons at 4 months and was still present at term. Based on in situ RT-PCR, cotyledon microvilli expressed P450-Aro mRNA early in pregnancy; the signal was detected in the syncytiotrophoblast and in non-fused cytotrophoblasts inside the microvilli, but was scarce in the interstitial cells of the villous core. In the last 2 months of pregnancy (including at term), the expression of P450-Aro mRNA was still detected in the syncytiotrophoblast. However, P450-Aro was never detected in the caruncule (regardless of stage of pregnancy). In conclusion, P450-Aro was expressed in the goat placenta microvilli starting early in pregnancy; the expression and distribution of the enzyme increased throughout pregnancy and was still present at term.

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