Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Aug-Sep;106(1-5):62-70. Epub 2007 May 21.

Mechanisms in the regulation of aromatase in developing ovary and placenta.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX 75390-9038, USA.


During human gestation, the placental syncytiotrophoblast develops the capacity to synthesize large amounts of estrogen from C(19)-steroids secreted by the fetal adrenals. The conversion of C(19)-steroids to estrogens is catalyzed by aromatase P450 (P450arom), product of the CYP19 gene. The placenta-specific promoter of the hCYP19 gene lies approximately 100,000 bp upstream of the translation initiation site in exon II. In studies using transgenic mice and transfected human trophoblast cells we have defined a 246-bp region upstream of placenta-specific exon I.1 that mediates placental cell-specific expression. Using transgenic mice, we also observed that as little as 278 bp of DNA flanking the 5'-end of ovary-specific hCYP19 exon IIa was sufficient to target ovary-specific expression. This ovary-specific promoter contains response elements that bind cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) and the orphan nuclear receptors SF-1 and LRH-1, which are required for cAMP-mediated stimulation of CYP19 expression in granulosa and luteal cells during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. In this article, we review our studies to define genomic regions and response elements that mediate placenta-specific expression of the hCYP19 gene. The temporal and spatial expression of LRH-1 versus SF-1 in the developing gonad during mouse embryogenesis and in the postnatal ovary also will be considered.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk