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Arch Womens Ment Health. 2007;10(4):155-61. Epub 2007 Jun 28.

Brief detection and co-occurrence of violence, depression and alcohol risk in prenatal care settings.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. hflynn@umich.edu


The purpose of the study was to examine the rates and inter-relationships among violence receipt, alcohol use problems, and depression in women seeking prenatal care. While waiting for their prenatal care appointment, women (n = 1054) completed measures of past year partner and non-partner violence receipt, alcohol misuse (TWEAK and quantity and frequency of alcohol use in past year), and depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale - CESD and prior history of depression). Over 30% of women reported either violence receipt, alcohol use problems or depression risk. Significant inter-relationships among all measured risk variables were found. Although violence receipt was significantly related to alcohol misuse, cigarette use, less education, and scoring above the cutoff on the CESD (>/= 16) was most strongly associated with violence. Practitioners should be well-equipped to provide assessment, interventions, or referrals as needed to the high numbers of women encountered in prenatal care settings experiencing psychosocial and behavioral problems that may affect their pregnancy.

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