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J Neurosci Res. 2007 Aug 15;85(11):2360-73.

Interaction between serine phosphorylated IRS-1 and beta1-integrin affects the stability of neuronal processes.

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  • 1Center for Neurovirology, Department of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA.

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) released in the brain by HIV-activated macrophages/microglia is suspected to compromise neuronal survival. Previously, we have demonstrated that activated receptor for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-IR) protects neurons from TNFalpha-induced neuronal damage (Wang et al. [ 2006] J. Neurosci. Res. 83:7-18). Because TNFalpha triggers phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) on serine residues (pS-IRS-1; Rui et al. [ 2001] J. Clin. Invest. 107:181-189), and pS-IRS-1 binds integrins (Reiss et al. [ 2001] Oncogene 20:490-500), we asked how these events affect neuronal processes. We show that beta1-integrin and pS-IRS-1 colocalize in PC12 cells and in primary cortical neurons. TNFalpha treatment elevated membrane-associated pS-IRS-1, enhanced pS-IRS-1 interaction with beta1-integrin, and attenuated cell attachment to collagen IV. In contrast, IGF-I inhibited pS-IRS-1-beta1-integrin complexes and improved cell attachment. The domain of IRS-1 involved in beta1-integrin binding mapped between amino acids 426 and 740, and the expression of 426-740/IRS-1 mutant attenuated neuronal outgrowth. Our results indicate that TNFalpha facilitates the interaction of pS-IRS-1 and beta1-integrin and destabilizes neuronal processes. IGF-I counteracts TNFalpha-mediated accumulation of pS-IRS-1-beta1-integrin complexes supporting the stability of neuronal processes.

Copyright 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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