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J Biol Chem. 2007 Aug 17;282(33):24381-7. Epub 2007 Jun 25.

PTPL1/FAP-1 negatively regulates TRIP6 function in lysophosphatidic acid-induced cell migration.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-0005, USA.

Abstract

The LIM domain-containing TRIP6 (Thyroid Hormone Receptor-interacting Protein 6) is a focal adhesion molecule known to regulate lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced cell migration through interaction with the LPA2 receptor. LPA stimulation targets TRIP6 to the focal adhesion complexes and promotes c-Src-dependent phosphorylation of TRIP6 at Tyr-55, which creates a docking site for the Crk Src homology 2 domain, thereby promoting LPA-induced morphological changes and cell migration. Here we further demonstrate that a switch from c-Src-mediated phosphorylation to PTPL1/Fas-associated phosphatase-1-dependent dephosphorylation serves as an inhibitory feedback control mechanism of TRIP6 function in LPA-induced cell migration. PTPL1 dephosphorylates phosphotyrosine 55 of TRIP6 in vitro and inhibits LPA-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of TRIP6 in cells. This negative regulation requires a direct protein-protein interaction between these two molecules and the phosphatase activity of PTPL1. In contrast to c-Src, PTPL1 prevents TRIP6 turnover at the sites of adhesions. As a result, LPA-induced association of TRIP6 with Crk and the function of TRIP6 to promote LPA-induced morphological changes and cell migration are inhibited by PTPL1. Together, these results reveal a novel mechanism by which PTPL1 phosphatase plays a counteracting role in regulating TRIP6 function in LPA-induced cell migration.

PMID:
17591779
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3923842
Free PMC Article

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